PEOPLES HISTORY OF PAKISTAN
1. Social, Economic and Political History
2. History of Arts, Architecture and Urbanism
3. History of Cultures in Pakistan
The THAAP Series of Conferences began, in 2010, with “Historiography of Architecture in Pakistan and the Region”. That conference was the first tentative testing of the young scholars in Pakistan who responded, and have continued to respond magnificently. The conference has grown in spread and depth; celebrated scholars along with a large number of young enthusiastic entrants to fields gave a unique color from which all benefitted. It is time to revisit the opportunities, issues and problems of writing history in general and Pakistan in particular.
The somewhat insecure state of Pakistan reacts with suspicion and repression to any deviation from the official narrative, which time and again has proven to be insufficient, selective and even inaccurate. The variety of cultures and people of Pakistan just cannot be fitted into one mold. They all have their own genuine worldviews and aspirations which are as valid as any. Understanding ourselves, our neighbors, and our neighbors’ neighbors is the only sure means of promoting harmony and tolerance. The best way to learn is to learn from each other.
Inauguration Session: Director THAAP, Prof. Pervaiz Vandal addressing the audience. (From left to right) CEO THAAP, Prof. Sajida Vandal; Guest of Honor: Rt. Rev. Bishop John Alexander Malik and Chief Guest: Prof. Dr. Mohammad Nizamuddin, Chairperson, PHEC.
Session 1 chaired by Dr. Mubarak Ali. Speakers: (from left to right) Dr. Riaz Ahmed Shaikh at the dice, Mr. Sultan Syed Bukhari (presenting on behalf of Md. Towhidul Islam), Dr. Mubarak Ali (Session Chair), Ms. Meher Ali and Ms. Zainab Fatima (presenting on behalf of Mr. Jamshed Khan and Dr. Hanif ur Rehman.
Session 2 chaired by Ar. Ahmed Pervaiz Mirza. Speakers: (from left to right) Ms. Samina Iqbal at the dice, Ms. Aisha Imdad, Ar. Ahmed Pervaiz Mirza (Session Chair), Dr. Kanwal Khalid and Ms. Sadia Pasha Kamran.
Session 3 chaired by Mr. Mushtaq Soofi. Speakers: (from left to right) Mr. Umair Ghani at the dice, Mr. Mohammad Owais Rana, Mr. Mushtaq Soofi (Session Chair) and Mr. Raza Naeem.
Session 4 chaired by Prof. Dr. Gulzar Haider. Speakers: (from left to right) Mr. Sajjad Zaheer, Dr. Anwar Shaheen, Prof. Dr. Gulzar Haider (Session Chair), Dr. Humera Naz and Dr. Khataumal Lohano.
Session 5 chaired by Prof. Dr. Rahat N. Masud. Speakers: (from left to right) Mr. Mohammad Ahsan Shakoor at the dice, Ms. Saba Samee, Mr. Asif Nazir, Prof. Dr. Rahat N. Masud (Session Chair) and Prof. Pran Neville.
Session 6 chaired by Prof. Irshad Burney. Speakers: (from left to right) Prof. Dr. Noman Ahmed at the dice, Ar. Helena Mediavilla Cermino, Prof. Irshad Burney (Session Chair) and Ar. Mehreen Mustafa.
Session 7 chaired by Prof. Pran Neville. Speakers: Dr. Amin Valliani, Mr. Ghiasuddin Pir, Mr. Qaisar Abbas and Prof. Neville (Session Chair).
Session 8 chaired by Prof. Dr. Noman Ahmed. Speakers: Prof. Dr. David Cotterrell, Mr. Till Passow, Prof. Dr. Jürgen Frembgen, Prof. Dr. Noman Ahmed (Session Chair), Mr. Husain Abdul Rehman Qazi and Mr. Mujahid Torwali.
SIXTH INTERNATIONAL THAAP CONFERENCE 2015
People’s History of Pakistan
Held on November 06-08, 2015 at 43-G, Gulberg-III, Lahore
The peer-reviewed research journal ‘People’s History of Pakistan’ was published in Nov 2016. Prof. Pervaiz Vandal is the Editor.
Sixth International THAAP Conference was held in collaboration with HEC, Kinnaird College for Women, Global Arts Limited and THAAP in which scholars from Bangladesh, India, Germany, UK, USA and Pakistan presented their papers.
A 3 day conference with several events in conjunction was held as follows:
- THAAP International Photography Exhibition 2015 in collaboration with The Citizens Archive of Pakistan and Global Arts Limited at 43-G, Gulberg-III, Lahore.
- THAAP International Film Screening 2015 in collaboration with PILAC, Olomopolo Media, Geo Films and Global Arts Limited at PILAC Auditorium.
- THAAP Student Jamboree in collaboration with Lok Rahs and Global Arts Limited at 43-G, Gulberg-III. Events included a photowalk and singing.
- THAAP National Performing Arts Festival in collaboration with The Lahore Arts Council and Global Arts Limited at Alhamra Cultural Complex, Gaddafi.
Closing Session at 43-G, Gulberg-III, Lahore and Dinner sponsored by Mr. Shamim ul Haq.
List of Paper Readers
1. Md. Towhidul Islam
Programme Officer-M&E, Water Aid Bangladesh Political Organism of Pakistan: Examination of Political Structure of Local Bodies in Pakistan
Junior Researcher / PhD Scholar, Centre for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn “Lahore, Reimagining the Urban: Past and Present ‘Imageabilities’ of the City”
3. Prof. Jürgen Wasim Frembgen, PhD
Senior Curator, Museum Fünf Kontinente and
Professor, Institute of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Munich
Film Director in co-operation with Goethe Institutes Knotted Images: Lest we forget. Rugs from the war in Afghanistan
4. Tanzia Islam
PhD Scholar, Department of Architecture & Building History, Technical University of Berlin, Berlin
Co-founder and Senior Researcher, Avantgardes Research Institute, Bangladesh
Lecturer, School of Architecture, Design and Urbanism, University of Culture and Art, Lahore The Isolated Communities of South Asia, An Outcome of the Political Mapping from Indian
PhD Scholar, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
Prof. Ila Gupta, PhD
Professor and Head, Department of Architecture and Planning and
Joint Faculty in HSS, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
Prof. P. Jha
Professor, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee Amrita Sher-Gill's Paintings: A Cultural Evaluation
Author and Scholar Early Portrayal of Punjabi Women
7. Aftab Ahmad
Program Manager, Idara Baraye Taleem-o-Taraqi (IBT), Bahrain, Swat
Language Researcher, Idara Baraye Taleem-o-Taraqi (IBT), Bahrain, Swat Peoples’ Stories During the Rule of Last Wali of Swat (1949—1969)
Associate Professor, CIIT Islamabad Truck Art: A Story in Motion
9. Amin Muhammad Valliani, PhD
Senior faculty, Ismaili Tariqah and Religious Education Board (ITREB), Karachi Inner Structure of the Ismaili Community
10. Asif Nazir
M. Phil, University of Gujrat
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Historical Background Of Ansaris: A Case Study Of District Kasur
11. Hanif ur Rehman, PhD
Lecturer, History Department , University of Peshawar
Visiting Research Scholar, SOAS , University of London Irony of History: Pakhtunistan, Bacha Khan and Afghanistan
12. Humera Naz, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of History (General), University of Karachi Woman and History: A critical appraisal of the chronicles of medieval Sindh
13. Husain Abdul Rehman
Development Communication Specialist, Public Sector Organisation Voyage to Waziristan (FATA)
Assistant Professor, College of Art and Design, Punjab University, Lahore 19th Century Painters of Lahore Tell the Story Behind
Mithi, Tharparkar Life of the Meek: shall they inherit the earth?
16. M. Ahsan Shakoor
Post grad. student, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad Basant and Pehalwani: Dying Cultural Traditions Of Punjab
(A Case Study Of Lahore)
Professor and Chair, Department of Architecture and Planning, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi The Story of Contestation of Space in Karachi in the Backdrop of Safety and Security Issues
18. Qaisar Abbas
Assistant Professor, School of Culture and Languages, University of Culture and Art, Lahore and
Project Coordinator, THAAP, Lahore
Lecturer, School of Culture and Languages, University of Culture and Art, Lahore History Of The Invisible
19. Raza Naeem
Assistant Professor, School of Governance and Society, University of Management and Technology, Lahore People’s Poetry as People’s History: The Role of Habib Jalib
Head of Social Sciences and Associate Professor, SZABIST, Karachi Peasants uprising in East Bengal / East Pakistan (1946 – 50)
21. Saba Samee
Archaeologist of Buildings/ Conservation Architect and Associate Professor, School of Culture and Languages, University of Culture and Art, Lahore People’s History through ‘Trees’
PhD Scholar, University of the Punjab and Visiting Assistant Professor, Kinnaird College and Beaconhouse National University Popular Culture of Cynicism and its Aesthetic Demonstrations in Pakistan
23. Umair Ghani
Freelance Photographer, Lahore Archaeology of Nostalgia: Present History of Pakistani People through Photographs
Professor of Fine Art, Sheffield Hallam University Empathy and Risk
United States of America
25. Meher Ali
Student, Department of History,
Brown University The Hidden Left: Communist Activity in Pakistan, 1948-1954
26. Samina Iqbal
PhD Scholar and Graduate Teaching Assistant, Art History Department
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, VA Reconsidering Modern Art of Pakistan: Sheikh Safdar Ali
As Nelson Mandela said, “Action without vision is only passing time, vision without action is merely day dreaming, but vision with action can change the world". At THAAP we can clearly see both. A vision of providing people of varied professional backgrounds especially youth with a platform to come forth and share their thoughts, a vision of promoting our culture, knowing our history, a vision of interconnectedness and integration of knowledge with a belief that there is no better way to learn, then to learn from each other. This year’s theme, “People’s History of Pakistan” had a series of monthly talks at its background which set the tone for this 6th International THAAP Conference 2015.
The Inaugural Session of the Conference began with the welcome address by Prof. Sajida Haider Vandal, an educationist, architect & CEO of THAAP. She explained that the Conference has been organized by THAAP in collaboration with Kinnaird College for Women University, Lahore together with the support of Higher Education Commission, Islamabad and Global Arts Limited. She thanked the guests for their active participation in the Conference and explained that THAAP is a not for profit registered organization founded in 2006 which has various subsets including THAAP Talks which are organized on monthly basis culminating into THAAP Conference at the end of each year, THAAP Publications that takes out peer reviewed Journals based on the papers presented at the Conference and THAAP Crafts that brings livelihood to rural population and the poor. She also explained about the initiative of an upcoming university by the name of University of Culture and Art that would play a pivotal role in laying the foundations of the future generations.
Prof. Pervaiz Vandal, an architect, educationist & THAAP Conference Convener was the keynote speaker of the event and explained that THAAP has played a pivotal role in improving the state of education along with promoting socio-economic & cultural development in Pakistan. He added that for this year’s conference 120 abstracts were submitted from around the world out of which 40 were selected by the Paper Selection Committee but due to visa issues some paper presenters especially the Indian delegates could not make it to Pakistan.
Right Reverend Dr. John Alexandar Malik was the Guest of Honor of the event. He appreciated THAAP’s efforts in providing a platform to people from various professional backgrounds. Prof. Dr. Mohammad Nizamuddin, Chairman HEC Punjab was the Chief Guest of the event and congratulated THAAP on consistently organizing successful Conferences since 2010. He wished all the success to THAAP for its future endeavors. The Session was concluded with the inauguration of THAAP Photography Exhibition on the same theme of the conference.
First Session was chaired by Dr. Mubarak Ali, an eminent historian, activist and scholar of Pakistan. 1st paper of the Conference was presented by Ms. Meher Ali. Her paper titled “The Hidden Left: Communist Activity and Influence in Pakistan’s Early Years” focused on the historical writing on Pakistan’s earliest years that have long been dominated by nationalist narratives and has often limited the space for alternative viewpoints. 2nd paper of the Conference was by Dr. Hanif ur Rehman and Mr. Jamshed Khan, read by Ms. Zainab Fatima. Their paper was titled, “Irony of History: Pakhtunistan, Bacha Khan and Afghanistan”. 3rd paper of the session was presented by Dr. Riaz Ahmed Shaikh. His paper titled “Peasants uprising in East Bengal / East Pakistan (1946 – 50)”, while focusing on the people’s history of East Pakistan, discussed an important chapter of East Bengal’s peasant’s struggle for their legitimate rights. 4th paper of the session was by Mr. Towhid ul Islam which was read by Sultan Syed Bukhari and was titled “Political organism of Pakistan: examination of political structure of local bodies in Pakistan”. The paper focused on different forms of political systems that have been exercised in Pakistan and examined the original structure of Pakistan’s democracy.
Second Session was chaired by Architect Ahmed Pervaiz Mirza and the 5th paper of the Conference was presented by Ms, Samina Iqbal titled “Sheikh Safdar Ali and the Emergence of Modern Avant-Garde Art in Pakistan”. Paper highlighted the works of Sheikh Safdar Ali: within the framework of Modern art in the newly established Pakistan. 6th paper of the Conference was presented by Dr. Kanwal Khalid on “19th Century Painters of Lahore Tell the Story Behind”. The paper presented a research on three paintings to represent the contemporary events of the troubled period of Sikh Rule, which have now become a history. 7th paper was presented by Ms. Aisha Asim Imdad titled “Truck Art: A Story in Motion”. The paper explored the colorful art on the trucks and analyzed the decorative elements & ideas that these flamboyant images portray from the view point of the people who create them. 8th paper was presented by Sadia Pasha Kamran, titled “Popular Culture of Cynicism and its Aesthetic Demonstrations in Pakistan”. This study investigated various features that promote the culture of cynicism, mockery and satire in Pakistan. The delegation then moved to “Gallery 39K” where the art work titled “Is Saye Kay Parcham Talay” was put on display, curated by Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Mr. Abdullah Qureshi.
On Day-02 of the Conference, Mr. Muhammad Owais Rana from “Citizens Archive of Pakistan” highlighted the importance of archiving history with alternate methods. He shared the photographic & oral recordings of experiences of people at the time of partition. Third Session of the Conference was chaired by Mr. Mushtaq Soofi and the 1st paper of the session titled “People’s Poetry as People’s History: The Role and Contributions of Habib Jalib and Sibte Hasan” was presented by Mr. Raza Naeem. The 2nd paper was presented by Mr. Umair Ghani titled “Archaeology of Nostalgia: Present History of Pakistani People through Photographs”. His paper elaborated that “The eyes only see what the mind registers” and in absence of reliable photographic images, the journey into the heart of any culture and its custodians fails to capture countless noteworthy details.
Fourth Session of the Conference was chaired by Prof. Dr. Gulzar Haider and the 3rd paper of the day was presented by Prof. Dr. Anwar Shaheen and Mr. Sajjad Zaheer titled “Migration among the Hindus of Sindh in the Historical Context” with special reference to their movement in space and in the temporal context. 4th paper was presented by Dr. Humera Naz from Karachi. The title of her paper was “Woman and History: A Critical Appraisal of the Chronicles of Medieval Sindh”. Her paper elucidated that the Sindhi folklore provides an insightful view about the customs and traditions prevailing in medieval Sindh. 5th paper was presented by Dr. Khataumal Lohano. The paper was titled “Life of the Meek: Shall they Inherit the Earth?” which highlighted the trials, tribulations and struggles of those who are 'otherised' with the help of life histories of three denizens of Tharparkar.
Fifth Session of the Conference was chaired by Prof. Dr. Rahat Naveed and the 6th paper of the day was presented by Ms. Saba Samee. Her paper was titled “People’s History through Trees” which highlighted trees as being a vital element in the survival of human kind and as survivors of development, trees in Lahore tell the story of the city and hint towards the historicity of various areas. 7th paper was presented by Prof. Pran Neville, an eminent author and scholar titled “Early Portrayal of Punjabi Women”. His paper reviewed that women of the sub-continent have always been considered among the most beautiful in the world and their charms have been celebrated by poets and bards down the ages. 8th paper of the day was presented by Mr. Muhammad Ahsan Shakoor. His paper was titled “Basant and Pehalwani: Dying Cultural Traditions of Punjab (A Case Study of Lahore)”. 9th paper was presented by Mr. Asif Nazir from Faisalabad, titled “Historical Background of Ansaris: A Case Study of City Kasur”. The paper explained the caste system in Kasur with historical background of Ansaris. The delegation then moved to Kinnaird College for Women University for a Cultural Evening followed by dinner.
Sixth Session on the Day-03 of the Conference today, was chaired by Prof. Irshad Burney, an architect and educationist. 1st paper of the session was presented by Ms. Tanzia Islam, Sahjabin Kabir and Mehreen Mustafa titled “The Isolated Communities of South Asia: An Outcome of the Political Mapping from Indian Subcontinent”. The paper discussed the architectural seclusion of the marginalized communities in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. 2nd paper was presented by Ms. Helena Mediavilla. Her paper was titled “Lahore’s Cityscapes: Reimagining the Urban. Past and Present Imageabilities of the City”. 3rd paper of the session titled “The Story of Contestation of Space in Karachi in the Backdrop of Safety and Security Issues” was presented by Prof. Dr. Noman Ahmed. His paper presented the findings and analysis of the transformation of urban public spaces in Karachi with a focus on safety and security issues as observed during the recent history of the city.
Seventh Session of the Conference was chaired by Prof. Pran Neville and 4th paper of the day was presented by Dr. Amin Muhammad Valliani, titled “Inner Structure of the Ismaili Community”. The paper elaborated that after the creation of Pakistan, the Ismailis felt hard-pressed about their role and underwent a process of modernization and social change bringing progress and coherence to the entire community. 5th paper of the day was presented by Ms. Mandakini Sharma (Read by Ms. Sana Mubeen). Her paper was titled “Amrita Sher-Gill’s Paintings: A Cultural Evaluation” highlighting her paintings to have a cultural variation inclined towards the folk and rural culture of India. 6th paper was by Mr. Qaisar Abbas and Mr. Ghiasuddin Pir titled “History of the Invisible”. Their paper narrated the Hijra’s heroic struggle for survival in hostile socio-religeo-political environment.
Eighth Session of the Conference was chaired by Prof. Dr. Nauman Ahmed and 7th paper of the day was presented by Husain Abdul Rehman Qazi titled “Voyage to Waziristan (FATA)”. The research paper explored Waziristan through the eyes of a traveler who ventures on frequent journeys to the erstwhile ‘area of the outlawed’ The Gomal Pass. 8th paper of the day was presented by Mr. Mujahid Torwali and Mr. Aftab Ahmad titled “Peoples’ Stories during the Rule of Last Wali of Swat (1949—1969)”. 9th paper of the day was presented by Prof. David Cotterrell titled “Empathy and Risk”. His paper explored the contradictory nature of mutually exclusive versions of truth, the way in which risk can be a catalyst to the creation of partial truths and the possibility of the loss of pluralist narratives as communities and individuals are denied access to each other’s vantage points. 10th paper of the day was presented by “Prof. Dr. Jürgen Frembgen and Till Passow” titled “Knotted Images: Lest we forget. Rugs from the war in Afghanistan”. The paper elaborated that the innovation of designing and producing “War Rugs” took place in the region northwest of Herat and spread to other parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
THAAP Conference this year as well, put forth quality research papers allowing a proactive discourse on the same in which participants from varied professional backgrounds and delegates from Bangladesh, Germany, India, UK, US and from various cities of Pakistan participated.
Report by: Sahar Saqlain
Joint Secretary to THAAP
Rapporteur General THAAP Conference 2015